Posts Tagged ‘Jesus Christ’
The Fellowship of the Ring leaves Rivendell on Christmas day: the Mission of Christ and Frodo to Mount Doom
In the Appendix B of the Return of the King, we learn that the Company of the Ring leaves Rivendell at dusk. The day was December 25, 3018 of the Second Age. Before the company set out, Elrond spoke his last word:
The Ring-bearer is setting out on the Quest to Mount Doom. On him alone is any charge laid; neither to cast away the Ring, nor to deliver it to any servant of the Enemy nor indeed to let any handle it, save members of the Company and the Council, and only then in gravest need. (Fellowship of the Ring, p. 315)
Frodo reached Mt. Doom about three months after on March 25, 3019, the day of the Fall of Sauron and the beginning of the Third Age.
Jesus Christ was born in the world in Dec 25, 1. This is the winter solstice, the darkest day of the year. Jesus, the light of the world, was born to dispel the darkness of sin:
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; upon those who dwelt in the land of gloom a light has shone…. For a child is born to us, a son is given us; upon his shoulder dominion rests. They name him Wonder-Counselor, God-Hero, Father-Forever, Prince of Peace. His dominion is vast and forever peaceful, From David’s throne, and over his kingdom, which he confirms and sustains By judgment and justice, both now and forever. (Is 9:1-6)
Just as Frodo journeyed to Mount Doom in 3 months, Christ’s journey to Calvary is also characterized by the number 3. Christ lived his hidden life for 3 decades, preached for 3 years, and died at 3:00 p.m. On Frodo’s neck is the One Ring of Sauron. On Christ’s shoulders are the sins of the world: “Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.” Frodo symbolically died on Mount Doom, an Eagle bore him away, and the Third Age began. Christ died on the cross on Mount Calvary, and on His side flowed blood and water. And so we pray:
You died, Jesus, but the source of life gushed forth for souls
and the ocean of mercy opened up for the whole world.
O Fountain of Life, unfathomable Divine Mercy, envelop the whole world and empty Yourself out upon us.
O Blood and Water, which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus
as a fountain of mercy for us, I trust in You.
Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One,
Have mercy on us and on the whole world. (3 times)
JESUS, King of mercy, I trust in You!
The finding of the sapling of the Eldest of the Trees in the barren slopes is a metaphor for the finding the race of Elendil in the barren wilderness outside of Gondor:
Then Aragorn turned, and there was a stony slope behind him running down from the skirts of the snow; and as he looked he was aware that alone there in the waste a growing thing stood. And he climbed to it, and saw that out of the very edge of the snow there sprang a sapling tee no more than three foot high. Already it had put forth young leaves long and shapely, dark above and silver beneath, and upon its slender crown it bore one small cluster of flowers whose white petals shone like the sunlit snow.
Then Aragorn crid: ‘Ye! Utuvienyes! I have found it! Lo! here is a scion of the Eldest of Trees! But how comes it here? For it is not itself yet seven years old.’
And Gandalf coming looked at it, and said: ‘Verily this is a sapling of the line of Nimloth the fair; and that was a seedling of Galathilion, and that a fruit of Telperion of many names, Eldest of Trees. Who shall say how it comes here in the appointed hour? But this is an ancient hallow, and ere the kings failed or the Tree withered in the court, a fruit must have been set here. For it is said that, though the fruit of the Tree comes seldom to ripeness, yet the life within may then lie sleeping through many long years, and none can foretell the time in which it will awake. remember this. For if ever a fruit ripens, it should be planted, lest the line die out of the world. Here it has lain hidden on the mountain, even as the rade of Elendil lay hidden in the wastes of the North. Yet the line of Nimloth is older far than your line, King Elessar.’ (Return of the King, p. 270)
In a similar way, Prophet Isaiah foretold the coming of the Messiah, the heir of the throne of David, as a shoot from the stump of Jesse:
But a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse, and from his roots a bud shall blossom. The spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him: a spirit of wisdom and of understanding, A spirit of counsel and of strength, a spirit of knowledge and of fear of the LORD, and his delight shall be the fear of the LORD. Not by appearance shall he judge, nor by hearsay shall he decide, But he shall judge the poor with justice, and decide aright for the land’s afflicted. He shall strike the ruthless with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall slay the wicked. Justice shall be the band around his waist, and faithfulness a belt upon his hips. (Is 11:1-5)
The Shoot of Jesse is Christ. It is on him that the Holy Spirt rested on the River Jordan. Just as Aragorn traces his kingship to the line of Elendil, so does Christ trace his kingship in the line of David:
Obed became the father of Jesse, Jesse the father of David the king. David became the father of Solomon, whose mother had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon became the father of Rehoboam, ….. Eleazar became the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary. Of her was born Jesus who is called the Messiah.
Thus the total number of generations from Abraham to David is fourteen generations; from David to the Babylonian exile, fourteen generations; from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah, fourteen generations. (Mt 1:1-17)
But unlike Aragorn, Jesus’s true father is not his foster father Joseph, but God the Father Himself. Before Abraham was, Jesus is. “In the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, the Word was God” (Jn 1:1). Indeed, Jesus posed the following question to the Pharisees:
“What is your opinion about the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They replied, “David’s.” He said to them, “How, then, does David, inspired by the Spirit, call him ‘lord,’ saying: ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand until I place your enemies under your feet”‘? If David calls him ‘lord,’ how can he be his son?” No one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare to ask him any more questions. (Mt 22:42-46)
Tom Bombadil is the eldest of the creatures in Middle Earth. As he himself said to the hobbits:
Eldest, that’s what I am. Mark my words, my friends: Tom was here before the river and the trees; Tom remembers the first raindrop and the first acorn. He made paths before the Big People, and saw the little People arriving. He was here before the Kings and the graves and the Barrow-wights. When the Elves passed westward, Tom was here already, before the seas were bent. He knew the dark under the stars when it was fearless–before the Dark Lord came from Outside. (Fellowship of the Ring, pp. 148-149)
This description is similar to that of Christ in the Prologue of the Gospel of John:
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be. What came to be through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race; the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. (Jn 1:1-5)
But Bombadil was only a creature; Christ is God. Bombadil was a spectator; Christ is the maker. Bombadil saw the coming of the Darkness; Christ dispelled the Darkness for He is the Light of the world.
Bombadil and Christ are also both the first and the last:
I think that in the end, if all else is conquered, Bombadil will fall, Last as he was First; and then Night will come. (Glorfindel in the Council of Elrond, Fellowship of the Ring, pp. 298)
I (am) the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. (Rev 21:6)
But Bombadil shall be conquered at last and die; Christ conquered death and lives forever. Bombadil saw the old order pass away; Christ makes all things new.